The People’s Republic of China is situated in the eastern part of Asia, covering an area of 9.6Mkm2. By the end of 2000, China had a population of 1.295B (including Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao).
Dam construction in China has developed at a rapid pace since 1950. There are now 22,104 dams higher than 15m, of which 4578 exceed 30m.
By the end of 1999, the total hydro power installed capacity had reached 72,970MW and the annual energy output totalled 212.9TWh.
In accordance with the national Tenth Five-Year Plan and the Long-term Plan to 2015, the installed capacity of hydro power in China will amount to 95,300MW in 2005, 125,000MW in 2010 and 150,000MW in 2015.
In order to achieve the goals mentioned above, many projects will be built in the 21st Century, such as the Xiluodu arch dam (278m high), Longtan RCC gravity dam (216.5m high), Xiaowan arch dam (292m high) and Shuibuya CFRD (233m high).
Other proposed hydro power stations at the 100MW-level or above in China are shown in the attached table.