Jairam Ramesh, the minister of state for environment and forests and Erik Solheim, minister of the environment and international development, Norway signed the MOU.

Following is the text of the Agreement:

“The Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, being the competent authority for the purpose of this Memorandum, herewith, and The Norwegian Ministry of the Environment, being the competent authority for the purpose of this memorandum, hereinafter referred to as the Parties;

Recalling the existing co-operation and stressing the need to conserve and improve the environment for present and future generations, and the need to achieve sustainable development;

Recalling that both India and Norway are Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Convention) and the Kyoto Protocol to that Convention (Protocol);

Considering that the Preamble to the Convention acknowledges that the global nature of climate change calls for the widest possible cooperation by all countries and their participation in an effective and appropriate international response, in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities and their social and economic conditions;

Recalling the importance of co-operation between developed and developing countries in addressing the challenges posed by climate change;

Bearing in mind Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol, which provides for the transfer of certified emission reductions (CERs) resulting from Clean Development Mechanism project activities from Parties not included in Annex I to Parties included in Annex I, that may be used by the latter Parties for purposes of compliance with part of their quantified emission limitation and reduction commitments under Article 3 of the Kyoto Protocol;

Recognizing that cooperation on climate change issues, including in the implementation of project activities, can be instrumental in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions on a global scale, and have a positive impact on community, social and economic development;

Expressing the political will to develop a lasting process of co-operation on matters relating to climate change, in the light of the objective and the principles of the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, particularly with regard to the implementation of the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol;

Have reached the following understanding:

Article 1 Objective:

The objective of this Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is to foster co-operation between India and Norway in the area of climate change, by providing a forum for regular bilateral consultations, by stimulating the development and implementation, by Indian and Norwegian entities of project activities under the Clean Development Mechanism,

according to Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol, as adopted on 11 December, 1997 (hereinafter referred to as “CDM project activities”). The project activities undertaken shall contribute to Sustainable Development, and in accordance with the Marrakech agreement, no Official Development Agency (ODA) funds shall be used to purchase CERs from the CDM project activities.

Article 2 Coordination between the Parties:

The Parties agree to review the progress of the implementation of the present MOU through regular bilateral consultations, i.e. in the Indo-Norway Joint Working Group on Environment.

The Ministry of Environment & Forests, designated as the National authorities for CDM, will be the focal point on the Indian side. Secretary General of the Norwegian Ministry of the Environment, responsible for climate change issues, will be the focal point on the Norwegian side, jointly with representative from the Norwegian Ministry of Finance, responsible for CER activities.

Article 3 Scope of CDM project activities:

This MOU encompasses eligible CDM project activities in all areas, according to Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol, and is aimed at the prompt development and implementation of CDM project activities.

The Parties may jointly agree to define areas of priority for the development and implementation of projects under the Clean Development Mechanism. Approval and implementation of project activities of interest will also depend upon the conformity of such project activities with environment laws and regulations of both countries.

Article 4:

Exchange of information and support for the development of CDM project activities.

The Parties shall exchange information and views on a regular basis, on the following topics relating to CDM project activities, while preserving the appropriate confidentiality.

Potential investors and project participants;

The progress of projects and other activities that occur under this Memorandum;

Sources of project funding and the policy framework needed to facilitate access to such funding sources;

Project criteria , approval procedures and guidelines applicable to CDM projects;

The parties will also facilitate Indian and Norwegian companies with information about domestic CDM regulations and procedures, as well as information about market opportunities in India.

Article 4 bis – Contribution of the Norwegian Party to CDM project activities:

The Norwegian Party in principle is willing to acquire certified emission reductions (CERs) from project activities provided that such activities conform with all relevant international rules and guidelines, criteria of the Indian national CDM programme, as well as Norwegian law and international regulations regarding public procurement.

The Norwegian Party will contribute to the development and implementation of emission reduction projects by facilitating Norwegian investors/participants aiming at developing CDM projects in India and supporting CDM projects jointly with India.

Article 4 tris – Contribution of the Indian Party to CDM project activities:

The Indian Party will contribute to the prompt development and implementation of CDM project activities by supporting interested project participants (e.g. by granting or issuing of Letters of No Objection, Letters of Endorsement, etc.) by the formal approval of the project in accordance with relevant provision under the Kyoto Protocol.

The Indian Party agrees to allow transfer of the resulting certified emission reductions from the project to the project developers in accordance with article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol and the guidelines adopted by COP/MOP.

Article 5 Intellectual property rights:

In the event that any joint activity involves access to, sharing, transfer or joint development of technology that is subject to patents or other intellectual property rights, the Participants or their representatives will decide in advance as to the adequate consideration of intellectual property rights, in accordance with relevant legislation in both countries.

Article 6 CDM procedures:

Both the Parties agree to work together on different aspects of the CDM procedures, including simplification of procedures, and to further enhance the credibility of the CDM as a market mechanism and as a tool to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.

Article 7 Other area of Cooperation

Recognizing that cooperation on climate change issues, including in the implementation of project activities, can be instrumental in social and economic development and cooperation to address the adverse effects of climate change and the implementation of adaptive measures.

Article 8 Final provisions:

This Memorandum will come into effect on the date of signing and will remain in effect until the end of the first commitment period of Kyoto Protocol, in 2012, unless one Party notifies the other Party its intention to terminate it, through diplomatic means at least (6) six months in advance.