The document, ‘Energy Security and Climate Policy: Assessing Interactions,’ determines how the causes of energy insecurity and climate change could evolve and how policies to address either policy objective may interact.

Results show a worsening trend for both CO2 emissions and energy security in most of the five European countries used as case studies: the Czech Republic, France, Italy, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

Following a reference, “business-as-usual” scenario, the change in CO2 emissions levels in 2030 compared to 2004 ranges from a reduction of 27% in the Czech Republic to a rise of up to 38% in France. Changes in the price component of energy security also indicate a deterioration, from an increase of 6% in the Czech Republic to one of 42% in France.

Finally, there would be new and growing concerns related to gas imports in the UK between 2004 and 2010 and between 2020 and 2030 in the Netherlands, the study says.