Texas LNG project is a four million tonnes per annum (Mtpa) liquefied natural gas (LNG) export terminal planned to be developed at the Port of Brownsville, Texas, US.

The project will be developed and operated by Texas LNG, an energy company based in Houston, US. The terminal will be developed in two phases of 2Mtpa capacity each.

The front-end engineering and design (FEED) study for the project was completed in 2016. The US Federal Energy Regulatory Council (FERC) granted the final environmental approval in March 2019 and approved the construction of the LNG terminal in November 2019.

Texas LNG is expected to make the final investment decision (FID) on the project in the second half of 2021 and start construction in 2022.

The first phase of the project is scheduled for commissioning in 2025, while the second phase is expected to commence operations in 2027.

Texas LNG Project location and site details

The Texas LNG processing and export facility will be developed on a 625-acre site on the deep-water ship channel of the Brownsville Port, which spans 40,000 acres on the US-Mexico border.

The Brownsville deep-water ship channel is owned by the Brownsville Navigational District.

Texas LNG project development history

Texas LNG secured the project site located in the Port of Brownsville in December 2013 and secured approval from the US Department of Energy (DOE) to export LNG to Free Trade Agreement (FTA) countries in June 2014.

The conceptual study and preliminary engineering for the project were completed in the second half of 2014.

Texas LNG received an equity investment from Third Point and initiated the FEED study towards the end of 2014.

The FERC pre-filing process for the project was initiated in May 2015, while the final FERC filling was announced in March 2016.

Texas LNG secured DOE’s approval to export LNG to non-FTA countries in February 2020.

Texas Brownsville LNG project details

The Texas LNG facility at Brownsville will comprise a gas pre-treatment facility and two liquefaction trains of 2Mtpa capacity each.

The two-train facility will receive up to 600 million cubic feet (mcf) of feed gas a day from the US natural gas system. The LNG facility is strategically located to access the gas resources of the Permian Basin in west Texas and the Eagle Ford fields in south Texas.

The feed gas will be received at 615psig pressure at the inlet of the gas gate station and transmitted to the onsite pretreatment facility for the removal of water, CO2 and other heavier hydrocarbons including natural gas liquids (NGL).

The treated gas will further be processed at the liquefaction trains to produce LNG to be stored in two 210,000m³ LNG storage tanks.

The LNG storage tanks will be connected with the LNG carrier berthing dock through cryogenic piping.

The berthing dock at the terminal will be capable of accommodating LNG carriers of up to 180,000m³ capacity.

Texas LNG construction details

The liquefaction modules for the LNG facility will be assembled offsite to minimize the environmental impact on the region.

A material offloading facility will be built at the site to allow waterborne deliveries of equipment and materials during construction.

LNG off-take

Texas LNG has signed non-binding off-take agreements with multiple costumers from Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America for a total of 7Mtpa of LNG.

Texas LNG will operate as a toll processor of natural gas into LNG and a producer of NGL, without taking ownership of either the feed gas or the produced LNG. The off-takers of the project will be responsible for contracting feed gas deliveries to the facility as well as for shipping the produced LNG.

Contractors involved

Samsung Engineering was awarded the FEED contract for the project in November 2014. Samsung Engineering, along with KBR, was also selected as the Pre-FID detailed engineering contractor as well as the post-FID engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) contractor for the project in March 2017.

Braemar Engineering was appointed as the owner’s engineer (OE) for the project in December 2014.

Texas LNG selected Air Products and UOP (now Honeywell Technology) as the suppliers of liquefaction technologies and the gas treatment process units respectively in June 2015.

Honeywell Technology confirmed the contract award for the natural gas technology and process automation supply for the project in December 2015.