The five major projects, with varying hydroelectric components, are: Karnali multi-purpose project; Pancheshwar multi-purpose project; Sapta Kosi high dam multi-purpose project and Sun Kosi storage-cum-diversion scheme; Burhi Gandaki hydroelectric project; and Upper Karnali hydroelectric project. All are under discussion at various levels.

These projects can be taken up for implementation only after the preparation of Detailed Project Reports (DPRs). If these are found techno-economically viable and after mutual agreements are signed between the two countries.