Originally planned to become operational on October 1, 2009, the first phase was completed three months in advance. In the second phase, stations along the whole pipeline will be renovated and expanded, so as to boost the transportation capacity to 20 million tons per year.

The Kenkiyak-Atyrau section and the Atasu-Alashankou section of the Kazakhstan-China oil pipeline were put into operation on March 28, 2003 and December 15, 2005 respectively.