Ancuabe graphite project is located in the Cabo Delgado province of northern Mozambique.

The project is located within Exploration Licence 5336, which is held by the Mozambican company Grafex Limitada (Grafex). Triton United, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Triton Minerals, holds an 80% interest in Grafex Limitada.

The definitive feasibility study (DFS) of the project was completed in December 2017. The Ministry of Lands, Environment and Rural Development approved the scoping study in January 2018.

Development of the Ancuabe project is expected to commence in the first half of 2018 with production scheduled to start by mid-2019.

The graphite project is forecast to produce approximately 60,000 tonnes per annum (tpa) in concentrate form for approximately 27 years.

Geology and mineralisation of Ancuabe graphite project

The Ancuabe graphite project is located in north-eastern Mozambique, which hosts proterzoic rocks that form a number of gneiss complexes that range from Palaeo to Neoproterozoic in age.

The project region falls within three different complexes - the Montepuez, the Nairoto and the Lalamo complex. The Lalamo complex is composed mainly of biotite gneiss, quartzite, marble, amphibolite, conglomerate and metasandstone and the biotite gneiss is the primary graphite-containing deposit found at the project.

Graphite mineralisation at the region is found within six bands, and the project mineralisation falls within band one hosting graphite-bearing quartz-rich gneiss.


The Ancuabe graphite project is estimated to hold maiden JORC-compliant reserves of 24.9 million tonnes (Mt) of ore. Contained graphite is estimated to be 1.54Mt graded at 6.2% Total Graphitic Content (TGC).

Mining and processing at Ancuabe mine

Conventional open-pit mining methods, involving the ripping of softer oxidised material near the surface followed by drilling and blasting.

Run-of-mine ore will be processed in a 1.1Mtpa processing plant. The ore will undergo three stages of crushing - primary, secondary and tertiary, followed by milling.

The crushed ore will pass through a series of flotation stages before the concentrate is thickened , filtered, dried and screened to produce a number of graphite products of different sizes.

The dry graphite will be packed in bags for transporting to the Port of Pemba for shipment.

Infrastructure facilities at Ancuabe

The Ancuabe graphite project site can be accessed through a road from Pemba and Montepuez.

Power will be supplied from a 1MW photovoltaic and 8MW diesel power station, while process water will be sourced from the raw water dam on the Mogido River.

"The Ancuabe graphite project is located in north-eastern Mozambique."

Graphite offtake from Ancuabe

Triton Minerals entered a graphite offtake agreement with Chinese company Qingdao Tianshengda Graphite in February 2018 for the sale of up to 16,000t of graphite a year from Ancuabe.

The company also entered a non-binding offtake term sheet with Haida Graphite for up to 16,000tpa of graphite.

Another Chinese company, Qingdao Chenyang Graphite, has agreed to purchase up to 16,000tpa of graphite produced at Ancuabe under a binding offtake agreement signed in May 2018.

Contractors involved

Tayanna was awarded the earthmoving works contract for the Mozambican graphite project.

Lycopodium ADP prepared the process and plant infrastructure details as part of the definitive feasibility study, and is also the project management consultant for the project.

Knight Piésold conducted investigations for the tailings storage facility, water storage facility, and site geotechnical, as part of DFS. It was also engaged for conducting the raw water dam front-end engineering and design works.

CSA Global carried out the geology, resources and mining studies, while Independent Metallurgical Operations and ALS Metallurgy was responsible for the metallurgical test work for the DFS.

EOH Coastal and Environmental Services was engaged to prepare the environmental and social impact assessment report for the project, while Major Drilling was engaged to prepare the project drilling plan.