Construction has started on a 2GW coal-fired power plant in Batang, Central Java, Indonesia.

The $4bn facility is expected to start operations by the end of 2018. It will supply enough energy to meet the power needs of Java and Bali.

PT Bhimasena Power Indonesia will operate and build the plant, which is one of new infrastructure projects that the government plans to start work within the next few months.

Indonesian coal miner Adaro Energy holds a 34% stake in PT Bhimasena joint venture while two Japanese companies Itochu and Electric Power Development own 32 and 34% stakes respectively.

The plant will feature the latest Japanese technology, allowing it to operate at high levels of efficiency with a less environmental impact.

Local farmers opposed the project, citing it as a threat to their sources of income. Environmentalist organizations such as like Greenpeace also raised concerns that the project would hamper Indonesia’s aim to climate control goals.

Indonesia President Joko Widodo said: "This should be a model for [future projects] and we are optimistic that problems hindering investment can be cleared."